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Asked by AL MaMun (4 Golds) Monday, 11 Jan 2021, 06:04 PM at (Jobs Job Preparation)

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Focus writing : Challenge of SDG:  Bangladesh perspective

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a follow-up on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000 and completed in 2015. However, SDGs differ from MDGs in many aspects. SDGs want to ensure that 'No One is Left Behind!'. The new goals have been envisioned to enable countries to utilise their own financial resources and capacity and seek assistance from developed countries on areas where they fall short. SDGs also focus on quality rather than just quantity. For example, MDGs focused on high enrollment while SDG has targeted education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyle. EXISTING CHALLENGES IN ACHIEVING THE SDGS:

● Effective coordination among ministries/divisions is needed for expediting implementation of the SDGs action plan.

● Resource mobilization, particularly from external sources, remains a big challenge.

● The National Social Security requires substantial increase in resources and streamlined efforts for implementation.

● Capacity of the National Statistical Organisation has to be accelerated to generate data required for tracking SDG progresses.

● Eradication of violence against women, prevention of child marriage and addressing gender digital divide.

● Energy pricing and subsidies present a challenge to the economy.

● Inconsistency between skills demand and supply, high cost of migration etc.

● Highly educated women face high unemployment rates.

● The net FDI flow has been low and concentrated on a few sectors.

● Recent influx of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar is putting pressure on forests in Teknaf-Cox's Bazar range. Already 6000 acres of forest land have been allotted for temporary housing of the refugees.

● Skill issue with potential migrant workers requires substantial attention. PROSPECTS OF REGIONAL COOPERATION ON ACHIEVING SDGS: The General Economics Division (GED) of Bangladesh Planning Commission made an exercise in 2019 on assessing international cooperation for SDGs implementation for the remaining period (2019-2030). The goals and targets that have scope for international cooperation have been identified in this report. The analysis reveals that all 17 SDGs and 62 targets have scope for international cooperation and accordingly cooperation has been asked for. THE WAY FORWARD:

● Concerted efforts and policy supports to agricultural diversification.

● Encouraging private investment through infrastructure development and promoting Special Economic Zones.

● Expanding social protection programmes and microfinance programmes.

● The government is introducing highly efficient power plants to the national power grid. Eligible single cycle power plants are being upgraded to combined cycle power plants.

● All the upcoming coal power plants are being equipped with latest ultra-supercritical technology, flue gas desulphurisation and electrostatic precipitator to minimise the impact on environment.

● Floating Storage Regasification Units (FSRUs) are under construction for importing Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).

● The government is giving assistance to the private sector in terms of incentives for implementing renewable energy-based generation facilities. Bangladesh has also made good progress in SDG-5 in recent times. The proportion of female members in the Parliament has been slowly increasing over time reaching 20.88 per cent in 2019 which was 12.42 per cent in 2001. The situation of women empowerment and gender equality appears promising from this perspective.   

#Sohel Rana

Answered by AL MaMun (4 Golds) Monday, 11 Jan 2021, 06:06 PM

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